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Infectious Diseases of Wild Mammals and Birds in Europe

The team tested three hypotheses to clarify whether relatedness, sociality, or diet containing birds and hence potential direct influenza A exposure were driving the observed diversity and prevalence. Relatedness could be expected to have a major effect as the receptors and physiology among related species is more similar and therefore viruses should have an easier time infecting related species.

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However, the results suggested this did not play a role in the observations. Sociality might be expected to play a role if animals in herds in particular would quickly spread a virus unlike animals that are largely solitary.

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However, this did not appear to be a driving force either as many social herbivores had no or low influenza exposure. Influenza A viruses are among the best studied and most important zoonotic pathogens in terms of human and domestic animal health.

The viruses are typically associated with wild waterfowl and regularly jump into mammals including humans. The transmission between birds and mammals often results in adaptation of the virus to the new mammal host.

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The study was carried out in Namibia where mammalian species diversity is high, waterfowl known to carry influenza are resident, domestic animals and wild animals intermingle on farms and major waterfowl migratory routes transect the country making the results significant beyond Namibia and perhaps beyond Africa. Materials provided by Forschungsverbund Berlin.


Note: Content may be edited for style and length. Science News. Story Source: Materials provided by Forschungsverbund Berlin.

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ScienceDaily, 6 March Forschungsverbund Berlin. Diet may be a key factor for Influenza A virus exposure in wild African mammals.

Infectious Diseases of Wild Mammals and Birds in Europe : Dolores Gavier-Widen :

Retrieved September 25, from www. This is the second time this virus has been introduced Calicivirus Infections 73 6. Lyssavirus Infections 86 7. Morbillivirus Infections 99 8.

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Orbivirus Infections 9. Flavivirus Infections Pestivirus Infections Picornavirus Infections Parvovirus Infections Poxvirus Infections Adenovirus Infections Retrovirus Infections Papillomavirus and Polyomavirus Infections Coronavirus Infections Bunyavirus Infections Mycobacteria Infections Yersinia Infections Tularaemia Pasteurella Infections Brucellosis Anthrax Chlamydiaceae Infections Borrelia Infections Rickettsiales Infections Mycoplasma Infections Escherichia Infections Salmonella Infections Campylobacter Infections Leptospira Infections Coxiella burnetii Infection Listeria Infections Clostridium Species and Botulism Aspergillosis Yeast Infections Other Fungal Infections Harmful Algal Blooms including Cyanobacterial Toxicosis Mycotoxicosis Section 4 Prion Infections Wildlife Pathogens with Arthropod Vectors Appendix 5.

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Diseases by Clinical Presentations, Mammals Appendix 7. Diseases by Clinical Presentations, Birds Appendix 8. Review Text This book provides the scientific community working with free-living wildlife a comprehensive resource on the diseases affecting these animals in Europe.